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PORTLAND, Maine (AP) — U.S. commercial fishing generated more than $144 billion in sales in 2016, buoyed by growth in key species such as sea scallops and American lobsters, the federal government reported on Thursday.
Also Thursday, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released its annual Fisheries of the United States report, which is a broader look at the nation's seafood industry and its recreational and commercial catches.
That report cited commercial landings of 9.9 billion pounds of fish and shellfish in 2017, valued at more that $5.4 billion. The 2017 harvest was 3.6 percent higher in volume than in 2016, and 2.1 percent higher in value.
Regarding the 2016 annual Fisheries Economics of the United States report, NOAA said the total of $144.3 billion in sales from commercial fishing that year was up about $100 million from the previous year.
The economics report states that the industry was boosted by growth in value of some economically critical species, also including shrimp, but other big-money species such as Alaska pollock and pacific salmon were down from the previous year.
The report shows U.S. fisheries holding steady, and continuing to play a critical role in the economies of states from Maine to California, said Ned Cyr, director of NOAA Fisheries Office of Science and Technology.
"The U.S. ports are key," he said.
The economics report also said commercial fishing supported nearly 1.2 million jobs, a figure that is about in line with 2015, but slightly less than 2014.
The annual Fisheries of the United States report stated that U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish grew 1.1 pounds, to 16 pounds, in 2017.
The fisheries report stated that America saw decreases in catch of Atlantic herring and menhaden, which are important fisheries for products such as bait, aquaculture feed and fish oil, in 2017. However, fisheries for yellowfin tuna and Atlantic squid, which are important sources of food for people, were up during the same year.
The report also emphasizes the growing role of aquaculture in the United States, a country with a smaller aquaculture sector than many other major economic players. It states that the U.S. is "not a major aquaculture producer," ranking 16th worldwide in production, although more than half the seafood that the country imports and consumes is farmed.
"It is an increasingly important part. It has been growing steadily over the past few years," said Michael Liddel, a statistician in the NOAA Fisheries Office of Science and Technology.
The most valuable commercial fishing port in the U.S. continues to be New Bedford, Massachusetts, where fish and shellfish brought to dock was worth $389 million in 2017. That total was heavily dependent on scallops, the city's signature export.
The largest amount of seafood came to the docks in Dutch Harbor, which is a major port for Alaska pollock, a fish widely used in mass-produced food products such as fish sticks.
Alaska's overall 2017 harvest of 6.0 billion pounds of seafood was easily the highest in the nation — Louisiana came in second with 890.6 million pounds, followed by Washington state with 665.9 million pounds.
On the value side, Alaska led the way with $1.8 billion in commercial landings during 2017, followed by Massachusetts with $605.3 million and Maine with $511.3 million.
Ketchikan placed 18th among ports nationwide in volume at 77 million pounds. That's more than the 65 million pounds landed in the First City in 2016 — a year that saw Ketchikan in 14th place by volume.
The Southeast Alaska port ahead of Ketchikan by volume in 2017 was Sitka with 91 million pounds, according to the report. Southeast Alaska ports behind Ketchikan were Petersburg (65 million pounds) and Juneau (18 million pounds).
For value, Ketchikan's $46 million in commercial landings in 2017 was ranked 28th nationwide — the same ranking as in 2016 when Ketchikan had $36 million in landings.
Ahead of Ketchikan on the 2017 landings-value chart were Sitka ($75 million; 10th place) and Petersburg ($52 million; 26th).
Ketchikan Daily News staff contributed to this report.